Sunrise School Division Code of Conduct
“Every student will have the opportunity to experience the joy of learning in the Sunrise School Division in order to be better prepared for the future, with the knowledge, skills and values to achieve their own personal life goals."
Staff statement of purpose:
“Nothing less than outstanding learning experiences, one student at a time.”
According to the direction of the Public Schools Act that each pupil be provided “a safe and caring school environment that fosters and maintains respectful and responsible behaviours,” Sunrise School Division adopted a Code of Conduct. These are the behaviour standards and expectations we have of everyone to create and maintain an environment that “allows all individuals to feel accepted, valued and safe,” and to meet the Division’s vision and purpose.
The code applies to staff and students throughout the school day, at all school-sponsored activities and events, in any other school-related context where behaviours might affect the learning or well-being of other students, and at all times on all forms of transportation sanctioned by the Division. In recognition of the critical role of parents and visitors in setting expectations, modeling and coaching student behaviour, the code also outlines their responsibilities to maintaining safe schools.
The Public Schools Act requires each school to establish a code of conduct for pupils and staff, and to review its code annually.
At minimum, Sunrise school-based codes will reflect the principles, attitudes and actions outlined below to promote the provision of safe learning environments.
Schools will review these policies annually to ensure compliance with provincial legislation and consistency with other legislation and Divisional policies, and to ensure web-resources and references to related documents are up-to-date and comprehensive.
The Division and schools will regularly seek input on the code of conduct from staff, students, parents and the community-at-large.
“One of the goals of education is to assist students in developing personal and social responsibility, to get along with others, to develop relationships, and to work with others.”
Sunrise School Division and school codes of conduct will be based on these principles:
- To benefit all learners, expectations will be communicated clearly and consistently.
- Members of the Sunrise School Division community will continually promote and practice attitudes and actions that provide a safe learning environment.
- Each student will be recognized as having a unique complement of strengths and abilities.
- School-wide approaches to student behaviour will focus on the relationship between behaviour and learning, and will include teaching students to problem-solve, manage their own behaviours, build friendships and manage conflict with others.
- A continuum of student support methods, strategies and interventions will be used to encourage positive behaviours, to assist students to redirect or change inappropriate behaviours, and to administer discipline when required in severe or chronic cases. In all cases, the goal will be to reduce or eliminate reactive punitive and exclusionary strategies in favour of proactive preventive skill-building approaches.
- Under no circumstances will a teacher administer physical punishment
- Only after all other appropriate interventions have been attempted in situations where a member of staff foresees a student at risk of physical harm to him/herself or others, might staff use physical restraint.
- Staff will engage in professional development and growth opportunities that emphasize “best and promising practices” in the areas of learning, behaviour and team approaches.
- Effective, ongoing communications between staff and parents will be a priority in managing behavioural challenges.
- Wherever possible, a team consultative approach will be used for decision-making about responses to student behaviours.
- Behaviour-management strategies and interventions will be developed and implemented in alignment with these principles.
For more discussion about these principles, please see the document “Sunrise Reasonable Interpretation of Positive School Environments & Student Behaviour.”
Unacceptable and Intolerable Behaviours
Behaviours that are not acceptable/will not be tolerated in Sunrise schools include but are not limited to the following:
· Bullying, including cyberbullying, or abusing physically, sexually, or psychologically in writing, verbally or otherwise*
· Discriminating unreasonably on the basis of any characteristic set out in subsection 9 (2) of the Manitoba Human Rights Code
· Using, possessing or being under the influence of alcohol or illicit drugs at school.
· Gang involvement on school sites
· Possessing a weapon as “weapon” is defined in Section 2 of Canada’s Criminal Code
· Inappropriate use of electronic mail, the Internet, cell phones and electronic communication devices, including accessing, uploading, downloading or distribution of material that the school has determined objectionable, students taking photos, video recordings, and images of staff or students on school property without the permission of authorized school personnel
*Sunrise provides Division-wide guidance with respect to bullying, threat/violence assessment, and appropriate use of information/communication technology.
Sunrise School Division believes that all staff, parents, and students share the responsibility to maintain a safe, caring environment. Parents and visitors are expected to comply with the intent of this policy.
Staff are responsible for:
· Complying with the Sunrise School Division and local school codes of conduct as well as their respective professional codes of conduct/ethics and related Sunrise policies
· Modeling appropriate personal management practices (self-discipline, including respectfulness and professionalism)
· Demonstrating respect for all individuals
· Providing learning environments that are emotionally and physically safe and respectful for all
· Participating to create a positive school-wide culture
· Providing relevant learning experiences that address the diverse needs of students
· Communicating relevant information about student progress, attendance and behaviour to students , to their parents/guardians and to appropriate school staff
· Respecting confidential information about staff, parents, and students
· Implementing supportive and disciplinary interventions and strategies selected from the Sunrise School Division continuum of supports to assist students to learn new conduct and to maintain a safe environment for all learners. The following factors may be considered when addressing student behaviour
• the age, maturity, and cognitive development of the student
• the context in which the infraction occurred
• the frequency, duration, intensity and severity of the incident
• the student’s history regarding similar offences
• previous actions taken
Students are responsible for:
• Complying with the Sunrise School Division and local school codes of conduct and related Sunrise policies
• Developing and practicing appropriate personal management skills (including respectfulness and cooperation)
• Demonstrating respect for all people in the school community
• Resolving conflicts through peaceful strategies including the seeking of assistance from school staff
• Respecting the rights of others to be safe from physical and emotional violence
• Respecting school property and the personal property of others
• Dressing in accordance with school dress standards
Parents/Guardians are responsible for:*
· Promoting the following values and attitudes in their children:
o Education is important
o Respect for themselves, others and the environment
o Desire to do their best at all times
• Modeling appropriate personal management practices (including respectfulness)
• Advocating for their child’s success in a positive manner
• Ensuring the regular attendance in school by their child and contacting the school if their child will be absent
• Supporting and working collaboratively with school staff in the provision of learning and behavioural interventions, including working towards the peaceful resolution of conflict and discouraging disrespectful, violent or aggressive behaviour
• Recognizing and supporting the authority of the school staff in providing a safe environment
• Ensuring that the school is able to contact a parent/ guardian or designate during the school day
• Demonstrating support for the school and offering constructive input
*These parent responsibilities are in accordance with the obligations outlined in the Public Schools Act and Child and Family Services Act.
STRATEGIES, INTERVENTIONS and SUPPORTS
The Sunrise School Division believes that to develop and maintain a safe environment specific attitudes and strategies must be taught and practiced, and related protocols must be developed and consistently applied.
Continuum of Supports – Proactive/Preventative Strategies
• Develop and annually review a school-based code of conduct that reflects the principles, attitudes and actions described in the Sunrise School Division Code of Conduct, complies with legislation and regulations, and aligns with other Sunrise policies
• When addressing behavioural issues, respond in a timely fashion, ensure inclusive communication among parties, follow through on consequences, and keep records as required, in accordance with Sunrise procedures
• Broadly communicate the Sunrise and school codes of conduct (including philosophy and successes), to support and educate all stakeholders and to highlight positive behaviours
• Develop, maintain and strengthen working relationships with parents and the community-at-large to seek input on strengths and challenges regarding school-based behaviour strategies
• Include in school plans, outcomes related to positive school-wide culture, strategies for achievement of those outcomes, indicators of success, and evidence of data collection.
• Implement a continuum of school-wide behavioural supports as well as validated prevention and intervention programming
Continuum of Supports - Intervention Strategies
The Sunrise School Division recognizes that students will make errors and as a result specific consequences may be required that:
• Ensure the maintenance of a safe environment
• Address the continuing educational needs of the student(s)
The Division believes that effective student management teaches students appropriate behaviour and incorporates a range of consequences for behaviour that interferes with safety, learning and work. Which consequences are applied will depend on the severity of the incident, the needs of the student and the frequency of the behaviour. The following is a list of some options available when working with students regarding their behaviour:
Informal Interview – A member of the school team talks with the student regarding his/her behaviour. Parents and other staff will be contacted as required.
Parental Involvement – A member of the school team contacts the parent/guardian to discuss specific behaviour and potential interventions. Contact could be by email, phone, or a personal meeting.
Conference – A formal meeting is held with the student, parent/guardian, and a school team member (may or may not include principal) to discuss the behaviour and develop a plan to change the behaviour.
Student Support Services Involvement – Individual(s) from the Division’s Student Support Services Team may be consulted to gain additional strategies or develop specific plans.
The Team includes:
• Divisional Principal: Student Support Programs or Designate
• Psychologists, Social Workers, Speech Language Pathologists
Withdrawal From A Setting – When their behaviour is having a negative impact on the safety or learning of others, the student is temporarily removed to an alternate supervised location.
Removal of Privileges – If a student cannot demonstrate appropriate behaviour in a particular setting, his/her participation in that setting might be limited.
Restitution – The student is required to compensate for damages caused.
Behaviour Intervention Plan – A written plan, developed with the school team, parent/guardian, and perhaps Divisional or outside agency support, may be established to help a student meet specific behavioural outcomes.
Suspensions - Suspension is the temporary stopping of a student’s right to attend school classes. When a student’s conduct is harmful to the welfare of the school or to its educational purpose, suspension is sometimes necessary to ensure the safety of other students in the school. Suspensions are applied when other disciplinary measures have been ineffective or when the student’s behaviour disrupts the learning of others, endangers others, or damages property.
In-School Suspension – School administrators may assign a student to an in-school suspension during which the student will be assigned appropriate school-work.
Out-of-School Suspension – Sunrise School Division Procedure #7400 guides out-of-school suspensions and outlines steps for communication and involvement of parents and Division personnel, including the Suspension Review Team. In accordance with this procedure and the Education Administration Regulations, school administrators may suspend a student from school for up to five days. The decision to suspend may be made when it is believed the student’s behaviour is unsafe for themselves or others. Parents will be contacted when students are suspended.
Expulsion – If a student’s behaviour constitutes a serious continued threat to others, a student may be expelled from attendance. The decision to expel is made by the Board of Trustees.
Threats – The Criminal Code of Canada 264.1 (1) indicates that a person commits an offence if they knowingly utter, convey, or cause a person to receive a threat of physical harm or property damage. When a student behaves in a manner that indicates he/she may be planning a violent act, a standard set of steps are taken. These are explained in detail in the Division’s Threat/Violence Assessment Protocol. All threats are reported to the office of the Superintendent, the Sunrise Principal of Student Support Services, the school counselor, school staff, and appropriate clinicians. When an in-depth threat/risk assessment is required, the parents /guardians of the person making threats and the potential victim will be notified.
An appeal process is available to everyone through the Division’s Public Concern Protocol.
If Sunrise School Division staff contact any law enforcement agency because a student is involved in criminal behaviour (e.g. drugs, theft or assault), parents/guardians will be informed immediately. Other circumstances may also require a referral to an outside agency. An example is described in the Division’s Disclosure Reporting Protocol. The safety of the student and others will be a key factor for determining such action.